Chapter 3: Water Supplies


Sanitation Code

Harper County, KS

Chapter 3: Water Supplies

Section 3-1.0 Purpose and Intent. The provisions of this chapter of the Harper County Sanitary Code have been adopted for the purpose of regulating and controlling the development, maintenance, and use of public and private water supplies of Harper County to end that public health will be protected and the safeness of the water resources preserved.

3-1.1 Area of Applicability. This code shall apply to all non-incorporated land in Harper County.

Section 3-2.0 Compliance Required. No person shall, after effective date of this code, construct on any property subject to this sanitary code, any public or private water supply that does not comply with the requirements of Chapter 3 of the Harper County Sanitary Code.

Section 3-3.0 Definitions

3-3.1 Potable Water: means water free from impurities in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects in humans and conforming with latest Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards.

3-3.2 Domestic Purpose: means used for drinking culinary, and ablutionary purposes.

3-3.3 Public Water Supply: means a water supply that is used for domestic purposes by two or more families or is made available for domestic use by the general public.

3-3.4 Private Water Supply: means a water supply used for domestic purposes a single family at a single family home or dwelling.

3-3.5 Water District: means any special district authorized and empowered by state statutes to plan, construct and/or operate a public water supply system.


Section 3-4.0 Requirements for Public Water Supply

3-4.1 State Permit. No person shall operate a public water supply without obtaining a public water supply permit from KDH&E.

3-4.2 State Approval Plans. No person shall construct, after effective date of this code, any public water supply on any property subject to the provisions of this sanitary code until the plans and specifications have been submitted to and approved by KDH&E.

Section 3-5.0 Requirements for Private Water Supply

3-5.1 Permit. No person shall drill, develop or construct any private water supply on any premise subjected to regulations of this sanitary code until he has obtained a permit approved by the health officer.

3-5.2 Approved Plans. No permit to construct or develop a private water supply on any premise subject to regulations of this sanitary code shall be issued until the plans showing the location and construction of the supply have been approved by the health officer.

3-5.3 Use Limitation. (1) No permit for construction or use of a private water supply shall be issued to any owner of property that is served or can be served at reasonable cost by a public water supply; (2) Use of surface water (lakes, ponds, or streams) as a source of water for a private water supply shall not be permitted: (a) where a satisfactory ground water source is available, (b) unless adequate treatment is provided (in no case shall surface water be used without filtration and chlorination) and, (c) where the pond or lake receives any drainage or discharges from septic tanks, or sewage treatment plants.

Section 3-6.0 Minimum Standards for Ground Water Supplies

3-6.1 Location. All wells used as sources of water for private water supplies shall be separated from the specified sources of pollution by distances equal to or greater than those shown in Table 1. The health officer shall determine the minimum distances that shall be provided between a well and other sources of contamination. Such distances shall be sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that the well will not be contaminated.


Table 1

Area SeparationMinimum
Subsurface absorption field for septic tank, effluent100 feet
Pit privy100 feet
Septic tank100 feet
Barnyards, stables, manure piles, animal pens, etc100 feet
Streams, lakes, and ponds50 feet
Sewer lines constructed of cast iron or other equally tight construction50 feet
Sewer lines not constructed of cast iron or other equally tight construction100 feet

3-6.2 Construction. All water wells shall be constructed to at least the minimum requirements of Kansas Administrative Regulation 28-30-1 through 28-30-10 in addition to all requirements of this code.

Section 3-7.0 Pumps and Pump Installation

3-7.1 Power Driven Pumps. All wells used as a source of water supply for a private water system shall be equipped with properly designed and installed power driven pumping equipment.

3-7.2 Acceptable Pumping Equipments. Submersible turbine, ejectors, horizontal turbine, or water lubricated positive displacement pumping equipment shall be used for lifting water from wells used as a source of water for a private water system. Use of any other type of pumping equipment shall not be permitted.

3-7.3 Pump Mounting. All pumps installed directly over wells shall be mounted on a well casing with the pump foundation or the pump stand in such a manner as to provide an effective watertight seal around the top of the well. When a pump is not mounted directly over the well and the pump suction pipe emerges from the top of the casing, a watertight sanitary well seal shall be provided for the cable conduit when submersible pumps are used.


3-7.4 Check Valves. All submersible pump installations shall provide a check valve above the pump and inside the well casing, provided that a check valve may be located in the pump house if the discharge pipe is extended twelve inches or more above the pump house floor, and the discharge pipe is stopped to drain back into the well.

3-7.5 Material Restrictions. No material shall be used on any water well construction or pump installation that will make the water toxic or cause the water to have any objectionable taste, odor, or color. All plastic pipes (PVC) shall be approved for the purpose it is to be used by the National Sanitation Foundation.

Section 3-8.0 Waiver of Requirements. In unusual cases where compliance with the requirements of this code aren't feasible, the health officer shall have the authority to waive the requirements provided he is furnished with reliable data to show that such waiver does not and will not impair the potability of the water or otherwise endanger the health and safety of the individuals using the supply or the general public.